Functions of the Female Reproductive System

The female reproductive system has multiple functions. It produces ova (female egg cells), also known as oocytes. The system transports the ova to the fertilization site. From that point of time, once every month, during ovulation, an ovum is released from that eventually enters the fallopian tube. These eggs are fertilized by any sperm (male reproductive cell) in the following fallopian tube.

In case of absence of fertilization, the uterine lining sheds and results in bleeding. This blood flow is known as menstruation. The blood and cells are removed through the vagina. In case of availability of the sperm, the egg can be fertilized. The ovaries and glands of the reproductive system secrete sex hormones such as progesterone that aids in the maintenance of pregnancy.

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Female Reproductive System: Structure and Function
Internal reproductive organs include the following:

The corpus luteum function as an endocrine gland and secretes progesterone. It prepares the uterus for implantation and further pregnancy.

The uterus is a hollow pear-shaped organ that nourishes and shelters the developing fetus. The uterus is also separated into three parts namely, the cervix, which is the opening to the vaginal canal, fundus, and body.

The ovaries are little oval-shaped glands on either side of the uterus. The main role of the ovaries is to generate hormones and ova on a cyclical basis; the brain and pituitary gland regulate this hormonal response.

The small tubes that link to the upper section of the uterus and serve as a passage for ova (egg cells) to readily transfer from the ovaries to the uterus are fallopian tubes. These fertilized eggs travel to the uterus, where the uterus lining is formed.

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